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Table 5. Effects of Racemic (Rac) Bupivacaine, Levobupivacaine, and Ropivacaine on Dispersion of VERP

Ventricular effective refractory period (VERP) was measured on six sites over the left epicardium at a pacing cycle length of 300 ms. Data are expressed as mean ± SD.

DI = dispersion index; Dmax = maximal dispersion.

Table 5. Effects of Racemic (Rac) Bupivacaine, Levobupivacaine, and Ropivacaine on Dispersion of VERP
Table 5. Effects of Racemic (Rac) Bupivacaine, Levobupivacaine, and Ropivacaine on Dispersion of VERP
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