Childbirth can be difficult for any woman, yet for one who has opioid use disorder (OUD), the situation can quickly become even more daunting.

Parturients oftentimes face the societal stigma that comes with opioid use disorder. These women may feel very anxious confiding in their practitioners, in part because in some locations their babies can be taken away, depending on the state of their remission. They may have also endured various negative experiences with medical care in the past.

Pamela Flood, MD, Adjunct Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at Stanford University, shared her understanding, latest research, and goals with this distinct group as it relates to labor and pain management after cesarean delivery.

Dr. Flood started her career with Columbia University, was the Director of Obstetrical Anesthesiology at the University of California, San Francisco, then moved to Stanford, which has one of the preeminent clinical and research pain...

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