Colloquially, the words “equality” and “equity” have been used interchangeably. However, the essence of each word is profoundly different. Author Caroline Belden wrote, “Equality is leaving the door open for anyone who has the means to approach it; equity is ensuring there is a pathway to that door for those who need it.”

Despite the push for equality in numbers, female anesthesiologists have historically faced challenges due to their gender. Some of these inequities include compensation differences, fewer leadership positions, gender-based discrimination, and lower rates of promotion (Anesthesiol Clin 2022;40:225-34). According to 2021 statistics by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), there are 42,220 total active anesthesiologists in the United States, of which 26.1% were women (asamonitor.pub/48KfUWS). The recent decline in women trainees from 36% in 2013 to 33% in 2019 (J Natl Med Assoc 2022;114:26-9) demonstrates the growing gender disparity. The numbers...

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