An integral part of a mature safety program is providing support to health care professionals who are involved in a medical error or unexpected adverse patient event occurring in the clinical setting. In addition to the worry that the health care professional has for the patient and patient's family, there may also be feelings of anxiety, fear, and frustration as they process their role in the event (Paediatr Anaesth 2021;31:61-7). The term “second victim syndrome” encompasses the complex cognitive and emotional experiences of the caregiver involved in such events. Care provided by health care systems to the second victim comes in many forms and includes an organizational commitment to a just culture and providing individuals time away from clinical duties after an unexpected event. A 2013 survey of health care workers found that the most desired element of support after an adverse event was a “respected peer to...

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