ASA's Center for Anesthesia Workforce Studies (CAWS) reports trends in anesthesiology resident matches after the release of the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) results and data report published in May each year ( This report summarizes data on candidates who filled residency positions between 2002 and 2021. Resident match data from 1988-2001 are available in the August 2018 ASA Monitor (ASA Monitor 2018;82:42-6).

Match results signaled strong demand for anesthesiology residency programs. Key metrics include growth in the number of applicants and positions offered, increase in the percentages of positions filled, and applicants not matched. In 2021, 4,980 candidates applied to 1,907 anesthesiology positions and filled all but four available positions. The number of anesthesiology positions offered increased 9% between 2017 and 2021.

Table 1 summarizes the number of applicants and the type of candidates who matched into anesthesiology between 2012 and 2021 (e.g., U.S. allopathic...

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