A transgender woman is scheduled for breast augmentation as part of her gender affirmation surgery. Which of the following statements is most likely true?

Anesthesiologists may interact with transgender patients during gender affirmation surgery or when transgender patients present for a procedure unrelated to transition surgery.

Sex and gender are not synonymous. Sex is the assignment of male or female based on physical characteristics (e.g., chromosomes, reproductive organs) typically noted at birth. Gender is the social construct within a culture that drives a person’s appearance and behavior. Although assignment of sex is generally male or female, gender may be male, female, a continuum between the two, or even none of these designations.

Transgender people may transition from the gender assumed at birth to the gender with which they identify. Some do nothing at all, some may simply change the way they dress and act, some may undergo hormone therapy and,...

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