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Submission advice, Author Resource Center

Welcome! Thank you for considering Anesthesiology for your submission.

What is the scope of the research Anesthesiology prioritizes for publication?

Anesthesiology prioritizes the publication of foundational, enduring research that informs the scientific foundations and clinical practice of perioperative, pain and critical care medicine. The journal publishes reports of original research investigations in clinical, translational, and clinically relevant basic science, as well as substantive reviews, clinically focused reviews, and articles on special topics. Anesthesiology seeks to publish a breadth of topics covering an array of issues affecting the specialty, which will be of interest to scientists and clinicians in the specialty, and broadly in science and medicine. Submitted manuscripts should have a robust evidence-base and present novel and important data or concepts that can be implemented in practice, policy, or future scientific inquiry.

Advice for authors

The videos below give insight into the expectations of our editors and a blueprint for the creation of successful manuscripts. These clips come from the session “High Quality Peer Review: Why and How for Authors and Reviewers, from the Editors of Anesthesiology” presented at the 2019 ASA annual meeting. We’ve selected the content most relevant for guiding authors in manuscript creation and editing prior to submission. The advice given here is invaluable since it is coming straight from the very editors reviewing and deciding upon submissions.

Evan Kharasch, M.D., Ph.D.
Past Editor-in-Chief

Dr. Kharasch discusses what editors look for when reviewing a manuscript, and why the science in the manuscript and the presentation of the science are both of vital importance. As he remarks, “Neither one alone is sufficient to create a scholarly publication.”
(Run time 00:57)

Andrew Davidson, M.B.B.S., M.D., F.A.N.Z.C.A.
Executive Editor

In this video, Dr. Davidson covers all aspects of what makes “A good paper,” as well as pitfalls to avoid. While this topic is presented largely from the perspective of what reviewers should be looking for, it serves as a guide for what authors should include and how they should present their information. This video is comprehensive and includes discussion of: • The Research question: how to define it and present it to readers • The Introduction (0:00) • The Abstract (2:46) • Defining the Question (4:19) • Outcomes (4:45)  • Methods (7:16) • Statistics (8:38)  • Data Driven Analyses (10:17) • Results (12:36)  • Discussions (22:54)
(Run time 26:50)

Timothy T. Houle, Ph.D.
Statistical Editor

The title of Dr. Houle’s presentation is “Tips for Reviewing Statistics and Methods for Non-Statisticians.” The excerpted portion here provides insight into how reviewers can assess papers, and by extension gives authors insights into what to include in their Methods and how it is best presented for clarity and accuracy. This video covers: • Identifying/Naming the study design • Types of Measurements and concerns of validity and reliability • Statistical analysis plan and underlying assumptions • Results reporting including common errors • Interpretation of results and how and why to avoid spin
(Run time 22:49)

Consider the following before you submit your manuscript:

  • Does your paper clearly communicate your message, including why this research is important?
  • Is the hypothesis clearly defined and does the study design properly address the hypothesis?
  • Are the conclusions supported by the data?
  • Have you clearly discussed the limitations of your study?
  • Does the manuscript include conclusions that are supported by the study results?
  • Are the figure and table legends written clearly?

Additional resources

Anesthesiology regularly publishes Readers’ Toolbox articles which provide general educational overviews intended to increase comprehension among investigators and researchers. These articles present existing and emerging research methods which are, or will become, relevant to anesthesiology research. As part of their purpose is to make investigators aware of new tools and approaches to incorporate into their studies, they provide a valuable resource to authors who benefit from the discussion of research methods and the editorial expectations surrounding use and application of these methods.

Statistical Development and Validation of Clinical Prediction Models

Evaluation of Biomarkers in Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine: A Clinician’s Overview of Traditional Statistical Methods and Machine Learning Algorithms

An Introduction Causal Diagrams for Anesthesiology Research

Quantitative Research Methods in Medical Education

Manipulating Neural Circuits in Anesthesia

Determining Associations and Estimating Effects with Regression Models in Clinical Anesthesia

Survey Research

Novel Clinical Trial Designs to Improve the Efficiency of Research

Common Methodologies Used in Qualitative Research

The American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Parameter Methodology

For more information about submitting to Anesthesiology, please view our comprehensive author guidelines.

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