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Enhancements Index

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The Invention and Development of Enflurane, Isoflurane, Sevoflurane, and Desflurane DOI:10.1097/ALN.0b013e31816499cc

A Fracture Pain Model in the Rat: Adaptation of a Closed Femur Fracture Model to Study Skeletal Pain
DOI: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181649351

Craniocervical Motion during Direct Laryngoscopy and Orotracheal Intubation with the Macintosh and Miller Blades: An In VivoCinefluoroscopic Study 

DOI: 10.1097/01.anes.0000291461.62404.46

Incidence of Intraoperative Hypotension as a Function of the Chosen Definition: Literature Definitions Applied to a Retrospective Cohort Using Automated Data Collection
DOI: 10.1097/01.anes.0000270724.40897.8e

Reducing Myocardial Injury by Minimizing Imbalance between Oxygen Supply and Demand 
DOI: 10.1097/01.anes.0000268391.73266.5b

CNS 7056: A Novel Ultra–short-acting Benzodiazepine 
DOI: 10.1097/01.anes.0000267503.85085.c0

Adrenergic Receptor Genotype but Not Perioperative Bisoprolol Therapy May Determine Cardiovascular Outcome in At-risk Patients Undergoing Surgery with Spinal Block: The Swiss Beta Blocker in Spinal Anesthesia (BBSA) Study: A Double-blinded, Placebo-controlled, Multicenter Trial with 1-Year Follow-up 
DOI: 10.1097/01.anes.0000267530.62344.a4

Special Issue on Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction: Selected Reports from the Journal-sponsored Symposium

Pseudothrombus in the Aorta

Gene Regulatory Control of Myocardial Energy Metabolism Predicts Postoperative Cardiac Function in Patients Undergoing Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: Inhalational versus Intravenous Anesthetics

An Early Example of Evidence-based Medicine: Hypoxemia due to Nitrous Oxide

Nonlinear Changes in Brain Dynamics during Emergence from Sevoflurane Anesthesia: Preliminary Exploration Using New Software

Quantifying the Effect of Antiplatelet Therapy: A Comparison of the Platelet Function Analyzer (PFA-100®) and Modified Thromboelastography (mTEG®) with Light Transmission Platelet Aggregometry

Incidence of Epidural Hematoma, Infection, and Neurologic Injury in Obstetric Patients with Epidural Analgesia/Anesthesia

Thoracic Epidural Analgesia Augments Ileal Mucosal Capillary Perfusion and Improves Survival in Severe Acute Pancreatitis in Rats

Myocardial Ischemia Revisited

Flexible Interaction Model for Complex Interactions of Multiple Anesthetics

Cerebrospinal Fluid and Spinal Cord Distribution of Baclofen and Bupivacaine during Slow Intrathecal Infusion in Pigs

Practice Guidelines for Perioperative Blood Transfusion and Adjuvant Therapies: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Blood Transfusion and Adjuvant Therapies

Factors Affecting Perioperative Transfusion Decisions in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Practice Advisory for Perioperative Visual Loss Associated with Spine Surgery: A Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Blindness

Malignant Hyperthermia in Japan: Mutation Screening of the Entire Ryanodine Receptor Type 1 Gene Coding Region by Direct Sequencing

Differential Spinal Cord Gene Expression in Rodent Models of Radicular and Neuropathic Pain

Special Issue on Plasticity in Postoperative Pain: Select Reports from the Journal-sponsored Symposium

Effect of Postoperative Experiences on Willingness to Pay to Avoid Postoperative Pain, Nausea, and Vomiting

Copper Kettle Revisited

Practice Guidelines for the Perioperative Management of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Management of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Gerard W. Ostheimer “What’s New in Obstetric Anesthesia” Lecture

β 2 -Adrenoceptor Genotype Affects Vasopressor Requirements during Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Delivery

Ultrasound-guided Regional Anesthesia: Current State of the Art

The Anlet: Anesthesiology's Response to the Needs of the Armed Forces in World War II

Gravity, the Belly, and the Diaphragm: You Can't Ignore Physics

Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Inhibition Attenuates Neurologic and Hepatic Damage after Resuscitation in Mice 

A New Inguinal Approach for the Obturator Nerve Block: Anatomical and Randomized Clinical Studies 
DOI: 0000542-200512000-00020

Does Multimodal Analgesia with Acetaminophen, Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs, or Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors and Patient-controlled Analgesia Morphine Offer Advantages over Morphine Alone?: Meta-analyses of Randomized Trials 
DOI: 0000542-200512000-00025

Validity of Unplanned Admission to an Intensive Care Unit as a Measure of Patient Safety in Surgical Patients 
DOI: 0000542-200512000-00004

High-frequency Components of Auditory Evoked Potentials Are Detected in Responsive but Not in Unconscious Patients

Detection of Consciousness by Electroencephalogram and Auditory Evoked Potentials

A System to Simulate Arterial Blood Flow for Cannulation in the Human Patient Simulator 

The Pulmonary Artery Catheter in Anesthesia Practice

Arterial and Venous Pharmacokinetics of Ropivacaine with and without Epinephrine after Thoracic Paravertebral Block

S-Ketamine Anesthesia Increases Cerebral Blood Flow in Excess of the Metabolic Needs in Humans 

The McGill Pain Questionnaire: From Description to Measurement

Practice Advisory for the Perioperative Management of Patients with Cardiac Rhythm Management Devices: Pacemakers and Implantable Cardioverter–Defibrillators: A Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Management of Patients with Cardiac Rhythm Management Devices

Severe Pulmonary Hypertension during Pregnancy: Mode of Delivery and Anesthetic Management of 15 Consecutive Cases

Special Issue on Pharmacogenomics and Anesthesia: Work Presented at the 2004 Journal Symposium

The Apgar Score Has Survived the Test of Time

Efficacy and Safety of Epidural Opioids for Postoperative Analgesia

Halothane and Isoflurane Do Not Directly Interact with Cardiac Cross-bridge Function

GlideScope®-assisted Fiberoptic Intubation: A New Airway Teaching Method

The “Seesaw” Sign: Improved Sonographic Identification of the Sciatic Nerve

From Continuous Positive-pressure Breathing to Ventilator-induced Lung Injury

Seeing the Light: Protein Theories of General Anesthesia

Human Septic Myopathy: Induction of Cyclooxygenase, Heme Oxygenase and Activation of the Ubiquitin Proteolytic Pathway

Special Issue on Preconditioning: Work Presented at the October 2003 Journal Symposium

The Birth of Opioid Anesthesia

Practice Guidelines for Acute Pain Management in the Perioperative Setting: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Acute Pain Management

Effects of Subanesthetic Ketamine on Regional Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Humans

Pharmacodynamic Interaction between Propofol and Remifentanil Regarding Hypnosis, Tolerance of Laryngoscopy, Bispectral Index, and Electroencephalographic Approximate Entropy

Perioperative Cardiorespiratory Complications in Adults with Mediastinal Mass: Incidence and Risk Factors

The Times Are A-Changin’: Should We Hang Up the Stethoscope?

Concerning Neurologic Sequelae of Spinal Anesthesia

Antichemical Protective Gear Prolongs Time to Successful Airway Management: A Randomized, Crossover Study in Humans

Laryngeal Mask Airway Insertion by Anesthetists and Nonanesthetists Wearing Unconventional Protective Gear: A Prospective, Randomized, Crossover Study in Humans

A Device to Stimulate Central Venous Cannulation in the Human Patient Simulator

Mixed-effects Modeling of the Intrinsic Ventilatory Depressant Potency of Propofol in the Non-steady State

Low Bispectral Index Values in Awake Volunteers Receiving a Combination of Propofol and Midazolam

Comparative Diagnostic Performances of Auscultation, Chest Radiography, and Lung Ultrasonography in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Biotransformation of Halothane in Humans

Dural Tissue Trauma and Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak after Epidural Needle Puncture: Effect of Needle Design, Angle, and Bevel Orientation

Pharmacokinetics of an Implanted Osmotic Pump Delivering Sufentanil for the Treatment of Chronic Pain

Participation of Children in Clinical Research: Factors that Influence a Parent's Decision to Consent

Effects of Subanesthetic Doses of Ketamine on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow, Oxygen Consumption, and Blood Volume in Humans

Preclinical Work Leading to the Development of Spinal Analgesia

Effects of Sevoflurane, Propofol, and Adjunct Nitrous Oxide on Regional Cerebral Blood Flow, Oxygen Consumption, and Blood Volume in Humans

Propofol and Sufentanil Titration with the Bispectral Index to Provide Anesthesia for Coronary Artery Surgery

Criteria of Adequate Clinical Recovery from Neuromuscular Block

Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Management of the Difficult Airway

Simulation Study of Rested Versus Sleep-deprived Anesthesiologists

Laryngeal Morbidity and Quality of Tracheal Intubation: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Sub-Tenon Anesthesia: A Prospective Study of 6,000 Blocks

Norman's War: Norman B. Kornfield, M.D., World War II Physician–Anesthetist

Conscious Volunteers Developed Hypoxemia and Pulmonary Collapse When Breathing Air and Oxygen at Reduced Lung Volume

Postoperative Visual Loss, Still No Answers Yet

Positive Experimental Demonstration of the Negative Brain “Protective” Effects of Anesthetics following Cardiac Arrest

Evidence for the Involvement of Spinal Cord α 1 Adrenoceptors in Nitrous Oxide–induced Antinociceptive Effects in Fischer Rats

Propofol: Relation between Brain Concentrations, Electroencephalogram, Middle Cerebral Artery Blood Flow Velocity, and Cerebral Oxygen Extraction during Induction of Anesthesia

Anesthesia and Airway Management of Pediatric Patients with Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome

Input Characteristics and Bioavailability after Administration of Immediate and a New Extended-release Formulation of Hydromorphone in Healthy Volunteers

Low-flow Sevoflurane Compared with Low-flow Isoflurane Anesthesia in Patients with Stable Renal Insufficiency

The Invention and Development of Blood Gas Analysis Apparatus

A Neuroanatomical Construct for the Amnesic Effects of Propofol

Reengineering Intravenous Drug and Fluid Administration Processes in the Operating Room: Step One: Task Analysis of Existing Processes

Distribution of Local Anesthetic in Axillary Brachial Plexus Block: A Clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

An Unexplained Death: Hannah Greener and Chloroform

Frequency of Myocardial Infarction, Pulmonary Embolism, Deep Venous Thrombosis, and Death following Primary Hip or Knee Arthroplasty

Ventilatory Failures with the Datex-Ohmeda 7900 SmartVent

Performance of the ARX-derived Auditory Evoked Potential Index as an Indicator of Anesthetic Depth: A Comparison with Bispectral Index and Hemodynamic Measures during Propofol Administration

A Brief History of the Origin of Minimum Alveolar Concentration (MAC)

Practice Guidelines for Postanesthetic Care

Validation of the Non-communicating Children's Pain Checklist–Postoperative Version

Continuous Posterior Lumbar Plexus Block for Acute Postoperative Pain Control in Young Children

A Novel Method of One-lung Isolation Using a Double Endobronchial Blocker Technique

Practice Advisory for Preanesthesia Evaluation: A Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preanesthesia Evaluation

Closed-loop Control of Anesthesia Using Bispectral Index: Performance Assessment in Patients Undergoing Major Orthopedic Surgery under Combined General and Regional Anesthesia

Assessing Pediatric Anesthesia Practices for Volunteer Medical Services Abroad

Are Estimates of MAC Reliable?

Intracuff Pressure and Tracheal Morbidity: Influence of Filling Cuff with Saline during Nitrous Oxide Anesthesia

Relation between Quality of Recovery in Hospital and Quality of Life at 3 Months after Cardiac Surgery 

Changes in Plasma Creatinine Concentration after Cardiac Anesthesia with Isoflurane, Propofol, or Sevoflurane: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Drug-induced Amnesia Is a Separate Phenomenon from Sedation: Electrophysiologic Evidence

Randomized Controlled Trial of Total Intravenous Anesthesia with Propofol versus Inhalation Anesthesia with Isoflurane–Nitrous Oxide: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting and Economic Analysis

Autosomal Dominant Canine Malignant Hyperthermia Is Caused by a Mutation in the Gene Encoding the Skeletal Muscle Calcium Release Channel (RYR1)

Dose-dependent Enhancement of In Vivo GABA A –Benzodiazepine Receptor Binding by Isoflurane

Role of the Atrial Natriuretic Factor in Obstetric Spinal Hypotension

Propofol Dosing Regimens for ICU Sedation Based upon an Integrated Pharmacokinetic– Pharmacodynamic Mode

A Double-blind, Randomized Comparison of IV Lorazepam versus   Midazolam for Sedation of ICU Patients via   a Pharmacologic Model

The Validity of Performance Assessments Using Simulation

Comparison of Closed-loop Controlled Administration of Propofol Using Bispectral Index as the Controlled Variable versus   “Standard Practice” Controlled Administration

Response Surface Modeling of Alfentanil-Sevoflurane Interaction on Cardiorespiratory Control and Bispectral Index

Density Detection in Dependent Left Lung Region Using Transesophageal Echocardiography

Mathematical Modeling of Carbon Monoxide Exposures from Anesthetic Breakdown: Effect of Subject Size, Hematocrit, Fraction of Inspired Oxygen, and Quantity of Carbon Monoxide

Nosocomial Infections and Outcome of Critically Ill Elderly Patients after Surgery

Glottic Adduction during Hiccups in the Presence of a Cuffed Endotracheal Tube

A Closed Xenon Anesthesia Delivery System

Cardiovascular Effects of Sevoflurane, Isoflurane, Halothane, and Fentanyl–Midazolam in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: An Echocardiographic Study of Myocardial Contractility and Hemodynamics

Evidence for Susceptibility to Malignant Hyperthermia in Patients with Exercise-induced Rhabdomyolysis

Peribulbar versus Retrobulbar Anesthesia for Ophthalmic Surgery: An Anatomical Comparison of Extraconal and Intraconal Injections

Effects of Probenecid on Renal Function in Surgical Patients Anesthetized with Low-flow Sevoflurane

Renal Responses to Low-flow Desflurane, Sevoflurane, and Propofol in Patients

Survey of Residency Training in Preoperative Evaluation

Measurement of Individual Clinical Productivity in an Academic Anesthesiology Department

Cause-specific Mortality Risks of Anesthesiologists: New Evidence for the Existence of Old Problems

Sex Differences in Morphine Analgesia: An Experimental Study in Healthy Volunteers

The Effect of Altered Cerebral Blood Flow on the Cerebral Kinetics of Thiopental and Propofol in Sheep

Efficacy of Preoxygenation with Tidal Volume Breathing: Comparison of Breathing Systems

Changes in Regional Myocardial Function after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Are Predicted by Intraoperative Low-dose Dobutamine Echocardiography

Comparative Ventricular Electrophysiologic Effect of Racemic Bupivacaine, Levobupivacaine, and Ropivacaine on the Isolated Rabbit Heart

Risk Factors for Early-onset, Ventilator-associated Pneumonia in Critical Care Patients: Selected Multiresistantversus Nonresistant Bacteria

Cerebral Histopathology following Portal Venous Infusion of Bacteria in a Chronic Porcine Model

Alternative Medicine Use in Presurgical Patients

Effects of Intravenous Zaprinast and Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Pulmonary Hemodynamics and Gas Exchange in an Ovine Model of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Rovenstine Lecture: Patient Values, Hippocrates, Science, and Technology: What We (Physicians) Can Do versus What We Should Do for the Patient

Anesthetic Concerns of Spaceflight

Analysis of Risk Factors for Myocardial Infarction and Cardiac Mortality after Major Vascular Surgery

Response Surface Model for Anesthetic Drug Interactions

Local Coupling of Cerebral Blood Flow to Cerebral Glucose Metabolism during Inhalational Anesthesia in Rats : Desflurane versus Isoflurane

A New Anterior Approach to the Sciatic Nerve Block

Diaspirin Cross-linked Hemoglobin Effectively Restores Pancreatic Microcirculatory Failure in Hemorrhagic Shock

The Case of the Missing Fragment: Detection and Retrieval of a Portion of Broken Valve as It Was Ejected from the Heart

Combined Spinal-Epidural Analgesia in Obstetrics

The American Society of Anesthesiologists Closed Claims Project   : What Have We Learned, How Has It Affected Practice, and How Will It Affect Practice in the Future?

Bowing of the Needle Technique for Nerve Blocks

Effects of Sevoflurane on Regional Myocardial Blood Flow Distribution: Quantification with Myocardial Contrast Echocardiography

Potential Cause for Medication Administration Error

Epidural Catheter Tip Position and Distribution of Injectate Evaluated by Computed Tomography

Practice Guidelines for Preoperative Fasting and the Use of Pharmacologic Agents to Reduce the Risk of Pulmonary Aspiration: Application to Healthy Patients Undergoing Elective Procedures

Practice Guidelines for Obstetrical Anesthesia: A Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Obstetrical Anesthesia

A Cost-construction Model to Assess the Total Cost of an Anesthesiology Residency Program

The Influence of Collateral Flow on the Antegrade and Retrograde Distribution of Cardioplegia in Patients with an Occluded Right Coronary Artery

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