We thank Dr. Brown for his insights regarding the integration of nascent quality of care methodologies and initiatives into the American College of Anesthesiologists in the 1960s (both organizations were located in Park Ridge, Illinois, in the 1960s and currently are located in Schaumburg, Illinois). We had not included that information in our review of the evolution of the anesthesia patient safety movement. As he appropriately notes, the development of quality of care activities provided a crucial contribution to the onset of the anesthesia patient safety movement in the 1980s. Drs. Brown, Siker, and others played important leadership roles in both organizations and advocated for the quality of care activities that would subsequently serve as the foundation of the movement. They appropriately should be credited for their diligent efforts to improve quality of care in anesthesiology.

The link between anesthesiology and patient safety arguably goes back to the...

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