Lung ultrasound is increasingly used in emergency departments, medical wards, and critical care units—adult, pediatric, and neonatal. In vitro and in vivo studies show that the number and type of artifacts visualized change with lung density. This has led to the idea of a quantitative lung ultrasound approach, opening up new prospects for use not only as a diagnostic but also as a monitoring tool. Consequently, the multiple scoring systems proposed in the last few years have different technical approaches and specific clinical indications, adaptable for more or less time-dependent patients. However, multiple scoring systems may generate confusion among physicians aiming at introducing lung ultrasound in their clinical practice. This review describes the various lung ultrasound scoring systems and aims to clarify their use in different settings, focusing on technical aspects, validation with reference techniques, and clinical applications.
Quantitative Lung Ultrasound: Technical Aspects and Clinical Applications
This article is featured in “This Month in Anesthesiology,” page A1.
Submitted for publication September 23, 2020. Accepted for publication February 19, 2021. Published online first on April 5, 2021.
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Silvia Mongodi, Daniele De Luca, Andrea Colombo, Andrea Stella, Erminio Santangelo, Francesco Corradi, Luna Gargani, Serena Rovida, Giovanni Volpicelli, Bélaid Bouhemad, Francesco Mojoli; Quantitative Lung Ultrasound: Technical Aspects and Clinical Applications. Anesthesiology 2021; 134:949–965 doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000003757
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